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ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE
Product Name:

ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE

CAS No:
20859-73-8
Usage:
ADF
Online Order:
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Product Introduction

fumigation Aluminum phosphide 56% 57% tablet alp is used as a rodenticide, insecticide, and fumigant for stored cereal grains.

1.As insecticide aluminium phosphide  is used to kill small verminous mammals such as moles, and rodents. The tablets or pellets  

    typically also contain other chemicals that evolve ammonia which helps to reduce the potential for spontaneous

    ignition or explosion of the phosphine gas.

2. As a rodenticide, aluminium phosphide pellets are provided as a mixture with food for consumption by the

    rodents. The acid in the digestive system of the rodent reacts with the phosphide to generate the toxic phosphine

      gas

3. As a storage fumigant  aluminium phosphide is a solid fumigant which effectively kills mites,imagos,pupas,

    larvas and other pests.There is no residual toxic and odor in food and cereal and no influence on the germination

     percentage of seeds after fumigation with ALP.It’s widely used in grain,seeds crude medicinal herbs,hard nut

     tobacco,tea,wheat flour,perfume,Candy,cocoa bean,coffee bean, cotton feather,hemp,paperand other packages .

4. Our promise : packing  same as your reqirment ,no delay on shippment  .best price for you ...

Index

56% Tablets

56% Flat Tablets

56% Pellets

Aluminium Phosphide Content

≥56%

Weight(Gram)

3.0±0.1g/tablet

3.0±0.1g/tablet

0.6±0.05g/tablet

Anti-crush Hardness

≥7.0kgf

≥5.0kgf

≥5.0kgf

Dust & bits of Broken Tablets Weight

≤1.5%

Ammonum Carbamte Content


24-31%


aluminium phosphide Chemistry

MF: AlP

MW: 57.955 g/mol

EINECS: 244-088-0 

Melting Point: 2000℃ 

Density: 2.42 g/cm3 

IUPAC: Alumanylidynephosphane

aluminium phosphide Solubility: Do not dissolve in cold water, soluble in ethanol, ether.

aluminium phosphide Appearance: a dark gray or dry, yellow, crystalline solid

aluminium phosphide Stability: Flammable solid. Contact with acids liberates highlytoxic gas (phosphine).Incompatible with acids, moisture,oxidizing agents.  Chemical stability occurs when a substance is in a (dynamic) chemical equilibrium with its environment. See also: Chemical Stability

aluminium phosphide Synonyms: Alminiumphosphide ; Al-phos ; Aluminiumfosfide ; Aluminiumphosphide(alp) ; Aluminium phosphide tablet ; Aluminum phosphide (AlP) ; Celphide

Following is the molecular structure of Aluminium phosphide:

aluminium phosphide uses

Aluminium phosphide is used as insecticide for the fumigation, both fumigation unprocessed food grains, refined grains, but also seeds of grain fumigation, and various storage devices. aluminium phosphide is also used in other enclosed spaces, holes and other rodent control and trunk eliminate alternatus. Fumigation of grain when the dosage is 10 ~ 30 g / t grain; warehouse fumigation when the dosage is usually 1 to 4 / m3.

aluminium phosphide Production

Reactivity Profile: Aluminum phosphide is a reducing agent. Contact with mineral acids causes explosive evolution of toxic phosphine [Wang, C. C. et al., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 1963, 25, p. 327]. Heating produces highly toxic fumes of phosphorus oxides. Can react vigorously upon contact with oxidizing agents. [Sax, 9th ed., p. 119].

aluminium phosphide Toxicity Data With Reference

 Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
 man LCLo inhalation 2800mg/m3 (2800mg/m3)  "Agricultural Chemicals," Thomson, W.T., 4 vols., Fresno, CA, Thomson Publications, 1976/77 revisionVol. 3, Pg. 38, 1976/1977.
 man LDLo oral 86mg/kg (86mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: COMA
VASCULAR: OTHER CHANGES
GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
 Human Toxicology. Vol. 7, Pg. 343, 1988.
 man LDLo oral 21mg/kg (21mg/kg) VASCULAR: OTHER CHANGES
GASTROINTESTINAL: GASTRITIS
 Human Toxicology. Vol. 7, Pg. 343, 1988.
 women LDLo oral 180mg/kg (180mg/kg) CARDIAC: PULSE RATE INCREASE WITHOUT FALL IN BP
LIVER: "JAUNDICE, OTHER OR UNCLASSIFIED"
KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: "CHANGES IN TUBULES (INCLUDING ACUTE RENAL FAILURE, ACUTE TUBULAR NECROSIS)"
 Human Toxicology. Vol. 7, Pg. 343, 1988.
 women LDLo oral 60mg/kg (60mg/kg) VASCULAR: OTHER CHANGES
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
GASTROINTESTINAL: GASTRITIS
 Human Toxicology. Vol. 7, Pg. 343, 1988.


aluminium phosphide Safety Profile

Safety Information of Aluminium phosphide:

Hazard Codes: F,T+,N

F: Highly Flammable T+: Very Toxic N: Dangerous for the environment  

Risk Statements: 15/29-28-32-50

15/29: Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas  

28: Very Toxic if swallowed  

32: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas  

50: Very Toxic to aquatic organisms   

Safety Statements: 3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61

3/9/14: Keep in a cool well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by manufacturer)  

30: Never add water to this product  

36/37: Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves  

45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible)  

61: Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions safety data sheet   

RIDADR: 1397 

HazardClass: 4.3 

Aluminium phosphide poisoning

Acute aluminium phosphide poisoning (AAlPP) is a large, though under-reported, problem in the Indian subcontinent. Aluminium phosphide (AlP), which is readily available as a fumigant for stored cereal grains, sold under various brand names such as QuickPhos and Celphos, is highly toxic, especially when consumed from a freshly opened container. Death results from profound shock, myocarditis and multi-organ failure. Aluminium phosphide has a fatal dose of between 0.15 and 0.5 grams (0.0053 and 0.0176 oz). It has been reported to be the most common cause of suicidal death in North India. Several incidents of death in travelers in Thailand and other parts of Southeast Asia may have been caused by aluminum phosphide or chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate insecticide, used in an attempt to kill bedbugs in hotels.

Aluminium phosphide poisoning Mortality rates

The mortality rates from AAlPP vary from 40 to 80 percent.The actual numbers of cases may be much larger, as less than five percent of those with AAlPP eventually reach a tertiary care center. Since 1992, when aluminium phosphide became freely available in the market, it had, reportedly, overtaken all other forms of deliberate poisoning, such as organophosphorus and barbiturate poisoning, in North India.In a 25-year-long study on 5,933 unnatural deaths in northwest India, aluminium phosphide poisoning was found to be the major cause of death among all cases of poisonings.

Aluminium phosphide poisoning Mechanism of toxicity

The toxicity of aluminium phosphide is attributed to the liberation of phosphine gas, a cytotoxic compound that causes free radical mediated injury, inhibits vital cellular enzymes and is directly corrosive to tissues. The following reaction releases phosphine when AlP reacts with water in the body:

AlP + 3 H2O → Al(OH)3 + PH3, and

AlP + 3 HCl → AlCl3 + PH3 (stomach)


aluminium phosphide

aluminium phosphide

aluminium phosphide

aluminium phosphide

aluminium phosphide